SYMBOLIC MEANING OF MONEY, SELF-ESTEEM, AND IDENTIFICATION WITH PANCASILA VALUES

Juneman, Juneman and Meinarno, Eko Aditiya and Rahardjo, Wahyu (2012) SYMBOLIC MEANING OF MONEY, SELF-ESTEEM, AND IDENTIFICATION WITH PANCASILA VALUES. International Congress on Interdisciplinary Business and Social Science 2012.

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Abstract

That human behavior is influenced by money is widely understood by many of us today. The influence is quite great not only in economic-related human behavior, but also in political, social, cultural, legal, and even in religious domain of human behavior. Therefore it is important to understand the meaning of money. In the terms of its symbolism, different individuals give different cognitive and affective meaning to money. This research proposes a model which hopefully is able to explain the symbolic meaning of money with both individual and group perspectives. In doing so, the research placed self-esteem and social identity (that is identification with the Pancasilathe state foundation and ideology of the Republic of Indonesia-values) as predictor variables. There were 161 Indonesian students (46 males and 115 females) participated in this research and they came from two universities located in Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that self-esteem and identification with the fourth principle values of Pancasila significantly predicted the symbolic meaning of money, although the correlation coefficient of self-esteem and the dependent variable was considerably weak. The one-way ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in the symbolical meaning of money according to the faculty where the students went, the category of residential place where the students lived in, the students' occupation, and their ethnicity. The implication of the research findings in order to understand the financial corruptive behavior in Indonesia is discussed; so is the recommendation concerning the Indonesians' spirituality factor for symbolic meaning of money measurement improvement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: symbolic meaning; money; social identity; self-esteem; corruptive behavior
Subjects: A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Psikologi > Program Studi Psikologi
Depositing User: Mr Reza Chandra
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2014 08:23
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2014 08:23
URI: http://repository.gunadarma.ac.id/id/eprint/1063

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